Exercises Consonant Changes
Complete the following chart. Find the Old English and Early Modern English equivalents for the Present Day English examples, as well as the description for the changes that took place and fill in the gaps. Click also on the words we provide as solutions to hear their pronunciation.
ɑ:nlik, cneo, fæder, father, hlud, hlæne, hlystan, knee, leane, listen, lʊd, morðer, murther, onli, self, swʊster, swetan, swete, zelf
Loss of /c/ after unstressed vowel Change from /d/ to /th/ after stressed vowel, before /r/ Change from /d/ to /th/ after /r/, before /l/ Loss of initial /g/, /k/ before /n/ Loss of initial /h/ before /l/, /n/, /r/ Loss of initial /h/;before /l/, /n/, /r/ Loss of /n/ after unstressed vowels Initial /s/ softens to /z/ (regional, South of Thames) Loss of intrusive /t/ after /s/ Loss of /w/ after consonant, before back vowel