Task 1
Sentence- and Clause-Initial Elements


Consider the following examples!

1) “And in this penaunce lyued Robert vii yeres or there aboute […]” (Robert the Deuyll. c. 1500, 192 (Baekken 1998, 62)).

2) “These words spake Jesus in the treasury” (The Gospel according to St John. 1611, 152 (Baekken 1998, 63)).

3) “Universal was the mourning for him, and the eulogies on him […]” (The Diary of John Evelyn. 1680-2, 148 (Baekken 1998, 65)).

4) “[…] nether wyll I beleave yt yf yt shold be reported” (CEEC, John Whitgift. 1583, HUTTON, 72).

The examples are taken from Nevalainen 2006, 114.

The inversion in example 1) is due to the initial

negative element (like never, neither and nor)
adverbial
subject complement
direct object

The inversion in example 2) is due to the initial

negative element (like never, neither and nor)
adverbial
subject complement
direct object

The inversion in example 3) is due to the initial

negative element (like never, neither and nor)
adverbial
subject complement
direct object

The inversion in example 4) is due to the initial

negative element (like never, neither and nor)
adverbial
subject complement
direct object