Task 3: Patterns in Shakespeare



1) Copy the table below on a sheet of paper. Write the number for each example below in the appropriate blanks to show which syntactic patterns Shakespeare employs in his plays. Compare your results with the solution below.

With do Without do
Negative questions
Affirmative questions
Negative declaratives
Negative imperatives
Affirmative declaratives

Quotations from Shakespeare’s plays

  1. I do not sue to stand
  2. Or, if it were, it not belongs to you
  3. And did you leaue him in this contemplation?
  4. O, doe not wish one more
  5. Andronicus, staine not thy Tombe with blood
  6. Who has the Office?
  7. Came he not home to night?
  8. The Serpent that did sting thy Fathers life,
    Now weares his Crowne
  9. Doe not ou loue me?
  10. The King comes here to Night
  11. What do you see?
  12. What sayde he?
  13. Sent he to Macduffe?

solution

2) Copy the table below on a sheet of paper. For each type of sentence that does not use do, describe the syntactic pattern by filling in the chart below. Give the number of the sentence illustrating each type and the order of the relevant parts from among Subject (S), Verb (V), Object (O), Negative (Neg), and Interrogative (Int). Indicate whether the pattern is still used. Compare your results with the solution below.

Sentence Type without do Number Syntactic Pattern Still used?
Negative questions 7 V S Neg no
Affirmative questions
Affirmative questions
Affirmative questions
Negative declaratives
Negative imperatives
Affirmative declaratives

solution

Source:
Task 3, Patterns in Shakespeare is taken from:
Cable 2002, 118-119.