Other major yet much less productive word-formation processes revolve around the concept of shortening. Although each process encompasses a different approach to shortening, they share one common feature: "their output is shorter that their input" (Kortmann 2005, 106).
As visualized in the chart below, there are 5 major groups within the field of shortening:
Consider the following examples from these 5 groups:
- plane - airplane
- brunch - breakfast + lunch
- NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- OED - Oxford English Dictionary
- edit < editor