Semantics


Context-sensitive lexical structure I (advanced)

While lexically oriented structuralist semantics decribes the meaning relationships and semantic properties of words, certain aspects of context-sensitivity are not included. Based on the assumption that semantic similarity is not simply a relation between two words in isolation, several approaches describe the meaning of lexical items with respect to the linguistic context they actually appear in. With the help of contextual information and the formulation of contextual constraints, problems concerning sentence semantics are examined. Thus, the approaches of event structures and thematic relations were formulated as central means of explaining both the syntactic structures as well as the meaning of sentences. Therefore, they are usually described as being on the syntax - semantics interface.


Event structures
Thematic relations


Exercises on context-sensitive lexical structure



John cleaned the house: An accomplishment


Source of the picture: casamia-services.com