General Linguistics


Selected Subfields


Sociolinguistics


The class pattern: describe social and stylistic stratification

Take a look at the diagram below which illustrates the index scores for the variable (a:) in correlation with the factors 'class' and 'style'. Say whether the statements are right or wrong.

Class and style differentiation of (a:) in Norwich (Source: Trudgill 1974: 98)

(a) The diagram shows the regular class pattern and typical style stratification (stylistic pattern) for variable (a:). (:vips 12301:)

(b) The diagram shows the regular class pattern for variable (a:) but not the stylistic pattern for this variable. (:vips 12302:)

(c) The diagram shows the stylistic pattern for variable (a:) but not the regular class pattern for this variable. (:vips 12303:)

(d) The middle class groups always use more standard forms than the working class groups in all styles of speech. (:vips 12304:)

(e) Among the working class groups, the lower working class uses the non-standard variant(s) most frequently. (:vips 12305:)

(f) Within all socioeconomic status groups the use of the non-standard variant(s) decreases from word list style to casual style. (:vips 12306:)

(g) All socioeconomic status groups tend to use fewer non-standard variants in word list style than in casual style. (:vips 12307:)

(h) Of all the studied socioeconomic status groups, the middle middle class uses the standard variant most frequently in all styles. (:vips 12308:)