General Linguistics


Selected Subfields


Sociolinguistics


The class pattern: describe social stratification (II)

Take a look at the table below which represents the social stratification for the variable (r) in the two cities New York, U.S.A. and Reading, England. Say whether the statements are right or wrong.

Social differentiation of (r) in New York City and Reading
(Source: Romaine, 2000: 68)

(a) Both cities show the regular class pattern for the variable (r). (:vips 12354:)

(b) The higher the socioeconomic status of a speaker, the more postvocalic /r/ is pronounced in both cities. (:vips 12355:)

(c) The pronunciation of postvocalic /r/ is regarded as standard and prestigious pronunciation in Reading. (:vips 12356:)

(d) The pronunciation of postvocalic /r/ is regarded as standard and prestigious pronunciation in New York City. (:vips 12357:)

(e) In both cities the working classes use the standard variant less frequently than the middle classes. (:vips 12358:)

(f) The table illustrates fine stratification for postvocalic /r/ in both cities. (:vips 12359:)