General Linguistics


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Sociolinguistics


The class pattern: describe social and stylistic stratification (II)

Take a look at the diagram below which illustrates the percentage scores for the variable (r) in five styles for four socio-economic status groups in New York City. Say whether the statements are right or wrong.

(a) Generally, the diagram shows social and stylistic stratification for the variable (r). (:vips 12475:)

(b) The diagram shows the regular class pattern (i.e. for all socioeconomic status groups). (:vips 12476:)

(c) The diagram represents deviation from regular class stratification. (:vips 12477:)

(d) In all styles of speech the lower classes and the working classes use the non-standard variant more frequently than the middle classes. (:vips 12478:)

(e) For all socioeconomic status groups the use of the standard variant increases with the formality of the speech style. (:vips 12479:)

(f) In all styles of speech the members of the upper middle class use the standard variant more frequently than the members of the lower middle class. (:vips 12480:)

(g) In word lists and minimal pairs the upper middle class uses the non-standard variant more frequently than the lower middle class. (:vips 12481:)