General Linguistics


Selected Subfields


Semantic Transparency

Take a look at the following list of lexical examples taken from Tok Pisin and their English equivalents. Can you work out the patterns and fill in the blanks?

Tok PisinEnglish
grasgrass
gras bilong fesbeard
gras bilong hedhair
gras antap long ai(:vips 11994:)
mausgras(:vips 11995:)

Tok PisinEnglish
pisinbird
gras bilong pisin(:vips 11996:)
gras bilong dog(:vips 11997:)
gras bilong pusi(:vips 11998:)

(Taken and adapted from Holmes 2008: 90)