General Linguistics


Selected Subfields


Sociolinguistics


The gender pattern: describe the gender pattern

Take a look at the diagram below which illustrates the percentage scores for the variable (ng) in formal style in correlation with the factors class and sex. Say whether the statements are right or wrong.

(a) The diagram shows the regular class pattern and typical gender pattern. (:vips 12361:)

(b) The diagram shows the regular class pattern but not the gender pattern. (:vips 12362:)

(c) The diagram shows the gender pattern but not the regular class pattern. (:vips 12363:)

(d) Women always use the non-standard variant less frequently than men of the same social class. (:vips 12364:)

(e) Men always use the standard variant more frequently than women of the same social class. (:vips 12365:)

(f) An upper working class woman uses the standard variant more frequently than an upper working class man but less frequently than a lower middle class man. (:vips 12366:)

(g) Generally, middle class men use the standard variant more frequently than working class women. (:vips 12367:)

(h) The diagram illustrates sharp stratification between the middle and the working classes (for both male and female informants). (:vips 12368:)