Sociolinguistic Perspectives

The study of language in society combines three perspectives:

(a) Geographical perspective (since the 19th century),
(b) Anthropological perspective (since the 1920s),
(c) Sociological perspective (since the 1960s).

Linguists distinguish between the geographical perspective, also referred to as traditional dialectology, and the sociological perspective or modern dialectology.

Dialectology is the study of different dialects of one language with a focus on their regional and/or social distribution and characteristic linguistic features.

(Information adapted from Kortmann 2005, 254-256)

Traditional and Modern Dialectology