Syntactic Theory


Determine ARG-ST and VAL values

Indicate the selectional properties of the underlined word as it occurs in the example sentence.

Please read the following hints carefully!

  • Look at the page on Selecton in HPSG for some general information.
  • Try to be as general as possible, using the syntactic category labels NP, VP, PP, AP, DP, S, and PredP (for predicative complements of any syntactic category).
  • If a selected PP is required to have a particular preposition as its head, indicate this in the following way: PP_for (as the PP in Chris was waiting for Pat.).
  • Use tags to express identities among elements on the ARG-ST and the VAL values. Write tags as numbers in round braces such as (1).
  • If you use a syntactic category label after a tag, put a space between them, i.e. (1) NP.
  • There are always four possible slots for elements on the ARG-ST and the COMPS list and one for the SPR list.
    • Put a minus (-) in a slot that is not needed.
    • Use the tags (1), (2), ... for the elements that occur on the ARG-ST list in this order.

Example (your answer is marked in green)

Chris was waiting for Pat in the hallway.
Argument structure value:
ARG-ST < (1) NP, (2) PP_for, -, - >
Valence values:
SPR < (1) >
COMPS < (2), -, -, - >

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