Apply Constituent Tests
Are the italized sequences in the following sentences constituents?
- answer 'yes' or 'no'
- if they are constituents, indicate their phrasal category (NP, VP, AP, AdvP, CP), if not, write ' - '.
- Apply the indicated constituent test.
(Hint: For an ambiguous sentence, answer the question with respect to a reading in which the italicized part is a constituent, if there is such a reading.)