Syntax


Lexical Categories

This section is concerned with lexical categories or parts of speech. We group words into classes and categories according to the ways that they are used in sentences.

There are eight major word classes in English:


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The following key terms are closely associated with the category “noun”: proper noun, common noun (concrete noun, abstract noun, collective noun), number and possession.

The following key terms are closely associated with the category “verb”: infinitive, main or full lexical verb, copula verb or copulative verb or linking verb, auxiliary verb, modal auxiliary, phrasal verb, prepositional verb tense (present tense, past tense) active voice, passive voice, intransitive or monotransitive, ditransitive, agreement or concord.

The following key terms are closely associated with the category “adjective”: comparative, superlative.

The following key terms are closely associated with the category “adverb”: adverbs modifying verbs, adjectives, adverbs and sentences.

The following key terms are closely associated with the category “pronoun”: Personal pronoun, possessive pronoun, reflexive pronoun, demonstrative pronoun, indefinite pronoun, relative pronoun, interrogative pronoun.

The following key terms are closely associated with the category “conjunction”: coorrdinating conjunction, subordinating conjunction.

The following key terms are closely associated with the category “preposition”: locative or spatial preposition, temporal preposition, stranded preposition, complex preposition, prepositional adverb adverbial particle.

The following key terms are closely associated with the category “determiner”: definite article, indefinite article, demonstrative, possessive, interrogative.