The structure of IPs

Look at the following examples:

a) John decided [IP to work as a linguist].
b) The man announced that [IP he would hand in his notice].
c) When will [IP John leave England]?
d) John wanted [IP Mary to write his term paper].

For each IP, identify the element that is situated in the head position and indicate the abstract features on the the head I. List the complement and specifier. Name the category of those heads, complements and specifiers that are overtly realised

  • If the head is not overtly realised, or if specifiers are absent, insert "/". Use "t" for traces.
  • To indicate the abstract head features, choose from the following list of abbreviations: (+tns/+agr); (-tns/-agr); (+WH); (-WH); (+poss).
  • Use the following abbreviations to indicate the category: NP, DP, VP, AP, PP, AdvP, IP, CP for phrases. If heads or specifiers are not lexically realised, insert "/". Insert "t" for traces and "PRO" where necessary.

a) John decided [IP to work as a linguist].


Source of the picture:
nationalpost.com

(:vips 10618:)

b) The man announced that [IP he would hand in his notice].
(:vips 10619:)
c) When will [IP John leave England]?
(:vips 10620:)
d) John wanted [IP Mary to write his term paper]
(:vips 10621:)

2. Draw a simplified tree diagram to represent the structure of each IP.

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