The Negative Marker Not
- Can follow a finite auxiliary to negate a sentence, but not a finite verb.
- I should have said that.
- * I slept well last night.
- Can precede any major phrase for so-called constituent negation.
- NP: Pat read [NP: this book] but the other one.
- VP: Chris is likely [VP: to get the scholarship]
- PP: Sandy put the book [PP: on the shelf] but next to it.
- Forms: not, n't (when cliticised to an auxiliary)