Theory, Model, Method
Elicitation of Responses
Elicitation is a technique applied for the systematic collection of data. Information about how speakers use a particular aspect of language is gained by asking informants systematic questions or by providing specific material that provokes the informants to give the linguist the desired piece of information. Elicitation procedures can either be used in order to collect primary linguistic data (i.e. the informants are provoked to produce utterances containing the relevant linguistic features) or they can be used to collect language-related information such as judgements or interpretations (secondary data).
Examples of elicitation procedures:
- subjects are asked to describe a picture
- subjects are asked to finish an incomplete sentence
- subjects have to judge whether sentences are acceptable according to the grammatical rules of that language
Exercises: Elicitation of Responses